Due to its feminine features, scholars believe it represents fertility, and it was probably used in agricultural ceremonies as part of an offering, “despacho” or “pago” to the Mother Earth or Pachamama in Quechua.
This pottery was found to the west of the city of Cusco where now it is the Santa Ana neighborhood. In 1941, Dr John H. Rowe discovered in this area the settlement of the Chanapata Culture (circa 800 B.C.), older than the Inca people. Thus, this figurine is known as the Venus of Chanapata. Now it is displayed at the Inca Garcilaso de la Vega Museum.
Let us have a look to other Venus of Europe (Google Images):
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