I have learned that walking around the narrow streets of the historical center of Cusco necessarily means to slow down my pace. That has been my way to find and appreciate Cusco´s unique architecture.
For instance, the so-called Inca Roca´s palace (so far, I have not found any evidence about it) is on the Hatunrumiyoq street, two blocks from the main square on the way to the neighborhood of San Blas. This wall belongs to the Archbishop Museum.
On the other hand, I was lucky and pleased to visit the Museo Regional Inca Garcilaso de la Vega just in time to admire a couple of treasures uncovered by archaeologists.
The Suche Fish:
In 2009, an Inca offering was found at the Sacsayhuaman Archaeological Complex. The offering was 3 mt deep and consisted of a polychromatic ceramic piece with small ovoid stones, quartz, malachite, and fluorite which resemble eggs. In addition, there were a ceremonial plate, marine shells, plain native gold without working and a tupu or brooch made of bone.
The Suche or Trichomycterus rivulatus is a native fish of cold waters at high zones such as lakes, lagoons and rivers. Nowadays, it is in danger of extinction.
“The moment of the ovulation of the suche is observed to predict the climate and the agricultural production. Placing eggs near the shore means a rainy year; when in deep parts, a dry year. This way the fish assures the humidity required for the development of its eggs” (excerpt from the book “Ayllu y Papas” by Nestor Chambi, 1995).
The Venus of Cusco:
The ancient inhabitants of the valley of Cusco sculpted a small figurine that portrayed a bare woman.
Due to its feminine features, scholars believe it represents fertility, and it was probably used in agricultural ceremonies as part of an offering, “despacho” or “pago” to the Mother Earth or Pachamama in Quechua.
This pottery was found to the west of the city of Cusco where now it is the Santa Ana neighborhood. In 1941, Dr John H. Rowe discovered in this area the settlement of the Chanapata Culture (circa 800 B.C.), older than the Inca people. Thus, this figurine is known as the Venus of Chanapata.