Sacsayhuaman: Forbidden Hot Spots I

Sacsayhuaman Entrance

Sacsayhuaman has a few places that you are not allowed to visit. Join me and know them now.

After nearly two months I am back and here again (my last post was on Cusco`s puma shape). Hopefully, I will post once a week again.

And I´d like to redo my blog talking about the most impressive archaeological site around the city of Cusco and it is a piece of cake how to get Sacsayhuaman.

This site was regarded as a fortress by Spanish conquistador, but Sacsayhuaman was much more than a fortress to the Incas.

Forbidden Hot Spots:

I managed to visit a No Trespassing Zone at Sacsayhuaman: Muyuqmarka.

Muyucmarca

This site (above pic) is on the top of the bastions and it is called Muyuqmarka which means round fortress. Even though only the foundations remain now, it was a high tower as many 16th and 17th chroniclers stated.

Juan de Betanzos says:

“…la cual fortaleza fue hecha y edificada en ella dos cubos fuertes y en ella sus aljibes de agua y sus cercas y murallas dos cubos fuertes desta piedra tosca y grande era un edificio tan insigne y suntuoso que se podría poner por unas de las maravillas del mundo…”

Pedro Sancho de la Hoz wrote in 1534, two years after the conquistadores took Cusco:

“hay…una torre principal en medio, hecha a modo de cubo con cuatro o cinco cuerpos, uno encima de otro: los aposentos y estancias de adentro son pequeños, y las piedras de que está hecha están muy bien labradas, y tan bien ajustadas unas con otras que no parece que tengan mezcla, y las piedras están tan lisas que parecen tablas acepilladas…”

Cieza de León was lucky enough to still see the towers as he wrote:

“todavía están en pie los grandes y fuertes cimientos con los cubos principales”.

Muyuqmarka adjoining site

Garcilaso de la Vega give more details about not only Muyuqmarka but also on other two adjacent towers:

“…hay una plaza larga y angosta, donde había tres torreones fuertes. Al principal, que estaba en medio, llamaron Móyoc Marca; quiere decir: fortaleza redonda, porque estaba hecha en redondo. En ella había una fuente de mucha y muy buena agua, traída de lejos, por debajo de tierra…todas las paredes estaban adornadas de oro y plata, con animales y aves y plantas contrahechas al natural y encajadas en ellas, que servían de tapicería.
Al segundo torreón llamaron Páucar Marca, y al tercero Sácllac Marca; ambos eran cuadrados; tenían muchos aposentos para los soldados que había de guarda”.

The peruvian historian Luis E. Valcárcel uncovered this whole area which was under 1.5 mt of soil until 1934.

Muyuqmarka could have been an astronomical observatory or a ceremonial center due to some burials with fine architecture found over there.

It is also forbidden to visit the place at the back of Muyuqmarka. I will show you that next week.

Related Posts:

Sacsayhuaman how it was built

Sacsayhuaman when it was built

Findings in Sacsayhuaman

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About Peru En RoUte

Natural-born backpack traveller around Peru
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